What Are The Causes And Risk Factors Of Gingivitis?

Gingivitis is a common dental problem, which is characterized by inflamed gums. One of its main causes is bacterial infection. If you left this condition untreated, expect it to turn into periodontitis, a more severe form of infection. Both periodontitis and gingivitis can trigger the loss of your teeth.

These infections cost a lot to treat, especially if the case is already too severe. In fact, Centers for Medicaid and Medicare say that a lot of Americans spent more than a billion dollars to treat these infections last 2013.

Those with gingivitis usually experience having puffy and red gums. In most cases, their gums will bleed every time they brush their teeth. It is possible to solve the problem with proper dental hygiene. This means that you will need to brush and floss longer, and more frequently. Some say that antiseptic mouthwash, along with regular flossing and brushing, also works in treating the condition.

If you want to keep your dental health at its peak, so you can prevent gingivitis from turning into a more severe case, then you need to be familiar about its most common causes and risk factors. This will give you concrete ideas on what you should avoid.

The Causes

You will most likely develop gingivitis if bacterial plaque accumulates around, and in between your teeth. This bacterial plaque buildup causes a negative immune response, triggering damage in your gingival tissues. If you do not treat it, it will cause further complications, such as the loss of the affected tooth.

Plaque refers to a biofilm, which tends to build up in your teeth naturally. It usually develops due to the colonizing bacteria that try to stick into the smooth surface of your teeth. According to dental experts, these bacteria can protect your mouth against the possible colonization of damaging microorganisms. The problem is that if you accumulate too much of this plaque, you may suffer from tooth decay. Periodontal disorders, like chronic periodontitis and gingivitis, may also arise.

Hormonal changes can also cause gingivitis. This usually happens if you are pregnant, if you have menstrual period or if you are on your puberty or menopausal stage. These phases of your life can make your gingiva more sensitive, so there is a great possibility that you will suffer from inflammation.

The following are also at risk of developing gingivitis:

1. Those who chew tobacco or smoke cigarettes excessively

2. Diabetes patients

3. Those who are taking certain medications like steroids, calcium channel blockers, and oral contraceptives

4. Those with crooked teeth, or those whose dental appliances do not fit perfectly

5. Those with broken fillings

6. Those who are suffering from diseases that hamper their immunity, like AIDS and HIV

Now that you know what are the usual causes and risk factors of gingivitis, preventing the problem will be a lot easier you.