What exactly is The Anterior Cruciate Ligament
The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) attaches to the femur (thigh bone) and the tibia (shin bone) and essentially prevents the femur from slipping too far forwards. Like other ligaments in the knee, the ACL provides stability and allows movement like a rotation of the knee. Injuries to the ACL cause both pain and swelling in the knee.
According to the Parramatta knee specialist in Sydney Australia, bestkneesurgeon site – orthopaedic surgeon ACL tears often result in other injuries for example arthritis and cartilage tears. Because the ACL helps stabilise the knee, injuries to the ACL make the knee less stable. When the knee is less stable, sudden pivoting movements are extremely challenging and often result in arthritis and cartilage tears.
Treatment for ACL Injuries
Once the ACL is completely torn, it cannot heal back together, even when the ends are sewn back together. The graft is secured by tunnels which can be made in the tibia and femur.
Medial Collateral Ligament Injury
A direct strike to the outer aspect of the knee typically causes injuries to the MCL. Those athletes who play football and soccer are in the highest danger. When the knee is forced sideways, the MCL can rip and result in knee pain. Swelling will occur with an MCL injury too and the knee will become unstable and give way.
When the MCL is split seriously and cannot cure accurately, an operation is crucial. This will require grafting a piece of tendon to allow the parts of the torn ligament to connect to. Most of that period, however, these injuries can be treated without surgical intervention.
The medical collateral ligament (MCL) is found on the inside of the knee joint and functions to prevent the joint from opening up. Like the ACL, the MCL attaches to the femur and tibia and controls firmness in the knee. Harms to the MCL include pain and swelling in the knee.
Ordinarily, MCL injuries occur when the knee joint buckles after being hit. In addition to hits to the outside of the knee, stretching the MCL too far can also cause it to rip.
Treatment for MCL Strains and Tears
MCL injuries heal fast and rarely require surgery. Resting the knee, icing the injury and taking anti-inflammatory drugs can help the injury heal faster.
Acute sprains to the MCL occasionally necessitate a knee brace. Ordinarily, even patients with knee braces can resume regular activity and fit task when they are no longer experiencing pain. If the injury is even more intense, physical therapy and a 3 to 4-month break from regular action is required.